WorldClim: Global weather stations

Aug 5, 2010 (Last modified Aug 6, 2010)
Description:
The points in this shapefile represent locations of the weather stations assembled for use in devloping the WorldClim dataset. WorldClim was developed by Robert J. Hijmans, Susan Cameron, and Juan Parra, at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, in collaboration with Peter Jones and Andrew Jarvis (CIAT), and with Karen Richardson (Rainforest CRC).
Data Provided By:
Robert J. Hijmans, Susan Cameron, and Juan Parra, at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, in collaboration with Peter Jones and Andrew Jarvis (CIAT), and with Karen Richardson (Rainforest CRC).
Content date:
08/05/2010,08/05/2010
Citation:
Title: WorldClim: Global weather stations
Credits: Robert J. Hijmans, Susan Cameron, and Juan Parra, at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, in collaboration with Peter Jones and Andrew Jarvis (CIAT), and with Karen Richardson (Rainforest CRC).
Other Citation Info: Weather station data were assembled from a large number of sources: (1) The Global Historical Climate Network Dataset (GHCN) version 2. (http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/ data/ghcn/v2;Peterson and Vose, 1997). GHCN reports data by year and month, and we calculated monthly means for the 1950���2000 period. GHCN has data for precipitation (20 590 stations), mean temperature (7280 stations), and minimum and maximum temperature (4966 stations). For precipitation and mean temperature, GHCN has global coverage, but there are large gaps in the geographic distribution of stations with minimum and maximum temperature data. For some stations, ���adjusted��� data that had been through homogeneity control procedures were used (Peterson and Easterling, 1994; Easterling and Peterson, 1995). We included the adjusted data where available and used unadjusted data for the remainder of the stations. (2) The WMO climatological normals (CLINO) for 1961���1990 (WMO, 1996). This database includes monthly mean (3084 stations), minimum and maximum (both 2504 stations) temperature and precipitation (4261 stations). WMO did extensive quality control on these data (WMO, 1996). (3) The FAOCLIM 2.0 global climate database (FAO, 2001). This database contains monthly data. It has precipitation data for 27 372 stations, mean temperature data for 20 825 stations, and minimum and maximum temperature data for 11 543 stations. This database includes long-term averages (1960���1990) as well as time series data for temperature and precipitation. (4) A database assembled by Peter G. Jones and collaborators at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) in Colombia. It includes mean monthly data for precipitation (18 895 stations), mean temperature (13 842 stations), and minimum and maximum temperature (5321 stations). This database has data for the (sub)tropics only and is particularly data rich for Latin America. (5) Additional regional databases for Latin America and the Caribbean (R-Hydronet; http://www.r-hydronet.sr.unh.edu/english/), the Altiplano in Peru and Bolivia (INTECSA, 1993), the ���Nordic Countries��� in Europe (Nordklim, http://www.smhi.se/hfa coord/nordklim/), Australia (BOM, 2003), New Zealand (http://www.metservice.co.nz/), and Madagascar (database accompanying Oldeman, 1988).

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worldlcim.org
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Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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